25 Interesting And Cool Facts About Chameleon

Chameleons are known for their bizarre appearance and unique abilities.

They are undoubtedly one of the most interesting creatures in the animal kingdom.

These species come in a range of colors.

We have collected some interesting facts about chameleons you have never known before.

Scroll down and Enjoy!

  1. 1 The English word “chameleon” is derived from the Latin word “chamaeleón” which translates as “the lion of the ground.”

  2. 2 Some chameleons can change completely from one color to another in less than 20 seconds

  3. 3 All chameleons live in warm (tropical or subtropical) areas in rainforests, mountains savanna and deserts.

  4. 4 Almost half of the world's 200 chameleon species live in Madagascar.

  5. 5 Chameleons usually live 2 to 3 years in the wild. In captivity, they have been known to live up to 10 years.

  6. 6 Chameleons are notable for their bizarre walk - they sway back and forth while walking.

  7. 7 Chameleons are able to project their tongue at extremely high performance, reaching their prey in as little as 0.07 seconds; they can launch their tongue at speeds exceeding 41 g (g-force).

  8. 8 Most chameleon species are egg-layers, but some deliver live young in clear, cocoon-like sacs.

  9. 9 With an adult size of up to 70 cm (27 in), the Parson’s chameleon is considered the largest chameleon species in the world.

  10. 10 The world´s smallest chameleon, the leaf chameleon, measures just about 1.6 cm (0.5 in).

  11. 11 Chameleons have large eyes with a 360-degree arc of vision and can see two directions at once.

  12. 12 Unlike many other lizards such as anoles and geckos, chameleons cannot reproduce their tails.

  13. 13 Up to 2 times longer than their body, the tongue can be rapidly projected to capture prey.

  14. 14 Chameleons generally eat insects, but larger species, such as the common chameleon, may also eat other lizards and even birds.

  15. 15 Chameleons are loners. In fact, most of the time, females don't want males to even come near them.

  16. 16 Chameleons do no parenting, so the young are on their own as soon as they are born or hatched.

  17. 17 Wirh no ear opening or eardrum, chameleons are not deaf; they can pick up sound frequencies in the range of 200–600 Hz.

  18. 18 Chameleon changes its skin color o control its body temperature, to communicate with other chameleons, or to express emotions and not for camouflage.

  19. 19 Chameleon's saliva is about 400 times thicker than that of humans. Sticky kisses huhh...

  20. 20 In the dry mountainous regions of Yemen and Saudi Arabia, the veiled chameleon has a distinctive growth on its head called a casque. The casque acts like a water collector - droplets of moisture roll down it and right into the chameleon's open mouth.

  21. 21 Chameleons can be quite territorial. Therefore, if you consider keeping a chameleon as a pet, get just one.

  22. 22 The oldest known chameleon is Anqingosaurus Brevicephalus, which used to live in the Middle Paleocene era (about 58.7–61.7 million years ago) in modern China.

  23. 23 9 chameleon species are now critically endangered, 37 are endangered, and 20 are vulnerable.

  24. 24 Chameleons can see in both visible and ultraviolet light. Chameleons exposed to ultraviolet light show increased social behavior and activity levels.

  25. 25 The incubation period for egg-laying chameleon species is usually several months, but the rare Parson's chameleon are believed to take up to 2 years to hatch.

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